千葉県Chiba Prefectural Government

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Chiba Prefecture > Introduction of Chiba > Industry in Chiba Prefecture

Update:October 14, 2014

Industry in Chiba Prefecture

Manufacturing

Industry in Chiba Prefecture is ranked 7th in Japan with shipment value of manufactured goods from business establishments with more than 4 employees amounting to 11,886.7 billion yen in 2011. The same year, the number of business establishments was 5,917 and the number of employees 203,900.

The foremost industries are chemicals industry, petroleum industry, and steel industry. The contributing proportions for each of the above-mentioned industries to the shipment value of manufactured goods in 2011 were 22.6%, 19.9% and 14.6%, respectively, and the three industries accounted for 57.1% of the total shipment value of manufactured goods (2012 Economic Census Results Revised Report).

Up until the 1950s, the main industries of the prefecture were the brewing of soy sauce, sake and mirin (sweet cooking sake).

In subsequent years, the prefecture actively sought to attract big enterprises. After the Chiba steel plant of then Kawasaki Steel Corp. was constructed on a reclaimed site made off the coast of Chiba City in November 1950, other enterprises in the heavy and chemical industries poured into the prefecture and constructed their plants.

Since then, about 12,000 ha of landfill have been completed along the 76 km of coastline between Urayasu City and Futtsu City. Out of the planned industrial portion of about 9,558 ha, 99.8% of the area (9,546 ha) has been sold in lots.

In the inland area, industrial parks are being developed taking the area's strengths into consideration, and the welcoming of leading-edge industries and growth industries is actively promoted. Currently, and various enterprises, including those in processing and assembly industries, are locating their facilities there.

The shipment value of manufactured goods made in the coastal areas constitutes 63.4% of the total, and that in inland area constitutes 36.6%. (Source: Commerce and Industry in Chiba Prefecture, 2012 Economic Census Results Revised Report, etc.)

Commerce

Commercial business activities in Chiba Prefecture support the rich lives of our residents, and also play an important role in supporting the regional economy.

According to 2012 Economic Census for Business Activity Results, as of February 1, 2012, the number of retail establishments in the prefecture was 28,051 and that of employees was 244,939, and the total yearly sales amounted to 4,778.9 billion yen.

The combined numbers of establishments in the cities of Chiba, Funabashi, Matsudo, Ichikawa and Kashiwa accounted for 39.7% of the total number in the prefecture, and the combined values of sales accounted for 47.7% of the total value of sales in the prefecture.

Moreover, looking at the ratio of stores classified by workforce size, small stores, with a workforce of 4 or fewer employees, account for 61.3% of the total.


Kashiwa Niban-gai, a shopping street (Kashiwa City)

Agriculture

Chiba Prefecture, which has a mild climate and fertile soil, is one of the major agricultural prefectures in Japan. The agricultural output of the prefecture was 415.3 billion yen in 2012, which was ranked 3rd nationwide. Additionally, there are many items occupying the top position in production amount nationwide such as Japanese radish, and pears while rice, flowers and livestock also hold high positions across the nation.

The regions of Chiba and Higashi-Katsushika are very close to Tokyo, one of the biggest consuming regions. In these areas, komatsuna (Japanese mustard spinach) and spinach have been successfully produced taking advantage of their location.


Various agricultural products from throughout the year

In the regions of Kaiso, Katori and Imba, cultivation of vegetables, such as cabbages, carrots and watermelons, as well as wet rice cultivation and dairy farming are popular.

In the regions of Sanbu and Chosei, wet rice cultivation, and greenhouse production of melons and tomatoes are popular.

In the Isumi region, the features of intermediate and mountainous areas are utilized. In addition to rice, staple such as bamboo shoots are actively produced as main products.

In the Awa region with its mild climate and bountiful nature, flowers such as carnations and stocks, and fruits like strawberries and loquats are actively produced.
In the Kimitsu region, cultivation of wet rice and vegetables, and dairy farming are carried out in good balance.

Output value of main agricultural products (in 2012)

Items

Output value
(Unit: billion yen)

Ranking in Japan

Rice

81.4

9th

Vegetables

165.3

2nd

Tubers and roots

18.6

4rd

Flowers

18.3

3rd

Raw milk

24.2

4rd

Pork

36.9

3th

Hen eggs

29.9

2st

(Source: Chiba Prefecture Statistics on Income from Agricultural Production)

Fisheries

Chiba Prefecture is surrounded by water, with the calm water of Tokyo Bay on one side and the open Pacific Ocean on the other, giving it a rich range of fishing environments, and thus allowing a wide variety of seafood to be caught. The total volume of marine fishery and farmed fish in the prefecture was 173,320 tons in 2012. This makes Chiba one of the most important prefectures for fishing in the country, with the catches of sardines, anchovies, and perch being the highest nationwide.

By region, the seas off Choshi and Kujukuri are where the Kuroshio and Oyashio currents converge, creating a superb fishing area. The main catch here, using purse-seine fishing, is sardines, as well as flounder, squid, and other species caught using bottom trawling.

The Isumi and Awa regions have many shore reefs, and are rich in rock-living seafood, like abalone, turban shell, and lobster. Trolling is also used for bonito, while species like alfonsino, red sea bream, flounder, and squid are caught using small vessels or set nets.

In the Tokyo Bay regions, perch, flounder, conger eel, and other species are caught using bottom trawling, while clam, trough shell, and other shellfish are taken using diving apparatus or hand-gathering. Seaweed cultivation is also a major aspect.


Fresh seafood is landed

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